Modelling glioma progression, mass effect and intracranial pressure in patient anatomy


J. Lipkova, B. Menze, B. Wiestler, P. Koumoutsakos, and J. Lowengrub, “Modelling glioma progression, mass effect and intracranial pressure in patient anatomy,” J. R. Soc. Interface, vol. 19, no. 188, 2022.


Increased intracranial pressure is the source of most critical symptoms in patients with glioma, and often the main cause of death. Clinical interventions could benefit from non-invasive estimates of the pressure distribution in the patient's parenchyma provided by computational models. However, existing glioma models do not simulate the pressure distribution and they rely on a large number of model parameters, which complicates their calibration from available patient data. Here we present a novel model for glioma growth, pressure distribution and corresponding brain deformation. The distinct feature of our approach is that the pressure is directly derived from tumour dynamics and patient-specific anatomy, providing non-invasive insights into the patient's state. The model predictions allow estimation of critical conditions such as intracranial hypertension, brain midline shift or neurological and cognitive impairments. A diffuse-domain formalism is employed to allow for efficient numerical implementation of the model in the patient-specific brain anatomy. The model is tested on synthetic and clinical cases. To facilitate clinical deployment, a high-performance computing implementation of the model has been publicly released.

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Last updated on 03/30/2022